Restoration of high sodium soils.
2013 - Strategic Design / Product Design
Surco Fértil was a project with a great team: Alejandro Fenoglio and Marco Filipic.
Argentina is one of the countries with more sodium soils, which makes agriculture difficult in some regions and does not allow the development of the communities that live there. With our team we wonder if we could connect agricultural waste from other areas with this problem, generating a systemic solution.
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Argentina is the third country with the largest area of saline-sodium soils, behind Russia and Australia. This type of soil does not allow the development of the crop because of the amount of sodium and the hardness of the surface.
13 million hectares with saline-sodium soils. 45,000 people with Unsatisfied Basic Needs.
In northern Argentina there are many industrial tree plantations such as eucalyptus. These crops generate 100 tons of waste (pruning and thinning) in each maintenance.
These wastes are currently burned in the plantations, causing serious risks of fire and pest spread as well as being a nuisance and obstacle to the workers that circulate around the place.
Agroindustrial Waste Journey map
Reframing the challenge - Being circular
How might we use this organic waste to recover saline soils in another region of the country?
Surco Fértil is a biodegradable horticultural cultivation system produced from organic waste whose objective is the immediate cultivation in soils of high saline-sodium content and its long-term recovery, providing self-production possibilities for own consumption of populations installed in these soils and the possibility of them becoming small producers in the future.
By collecting agroindustrial wastes, compressing them in a shaped matrix and inoculating them with a fungus (mycelium), we can generate a new material stopping fungus growth and biodegradation.
Surco Fértil is manufactured using this material. It forms a protective layer where plants can strengthen their roots to penetrate the saline soil. Surco fértil biodegrades once it has fulfilled its function.
Where the plants grow
Protect and strengthen the roots
Provide the necessary water to the plants
Its design seeks to adapt to the classic cultivation method practiced in horticulture.
Made with agroindustrial organic waste and agglomerated with mycelium (vegetative body), naturally developed by fungi.
A code of points in the modules and in the seed bags helps to maintain the optimum distance between the different plants.
Thanks to the properties offered by the material, Surco Fértil allows you to intelligently manage the water dosage.